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How to prevent excessive summer heat output

2017/10/4 18:59:32 Viewers:

If you are using the solar collector for space heating as well as hot water production, or if you just want a larger solar contribution, you will need a system that will greatly surpass heat requirements in the summer. Generally in the summer heating will not be required, in contrast cooling is. Unfortunately, at present solar cooling for domestic applications is not yet economically viable, so what to do with the additional heat? If you have a swimming pool or spa, the excess heat can be used to supplement heating. Turning off the pump and letting the collector stagnate is not ideal as high pressure and temps, and large volumes of vented steam may result (wasted water).

If you do not have an additional means of using the excess heat, then adjusting the angle of the collector can help to reduce summer heat output. As can be seen by the diagram above, the sun is low in the sky during the winter and high in the summer. Solar smart house designs will take advantage of this by having big North or South (depending on your location) facing windows allowing maximum absorption of winter sun, with large eves or veranda to block out the summer sun.


By increasing the vertical angle of the collector by about 20o more the location's latitude (ie. 60o instead of 40o), greater winter performance will be experienced. This is because the collector is "facing" the sun (perpendicular - longitudinal angle). Due to the higher location of the sun in the sky during the summer, the collector will be around 40o from perpendicular and as such heat output will be reduced as the collector is not fully "facing" the sun. This simple solution alone can reduce peak summer output considerably, thus reducing problems associated with excessive summer heat production.